The kingdom Fungi comprises not only the more familiar mushrooms and toadstools but also lichens, moulds, rusts, smuts and rot. In fact what we see are the fruiting bodies of the fungi,these being supported by a network of root-like strands called hyphae beneath the surface. Most fungi are saprobes, breaking down organic material and especially wood. Some are parasites and may be significant agents of plant or animal disease and some form a mutually beneficial relationship with the roots of plants. The phylum Basidiomycota includes the common mushrooms and toadstools, puffballs and bracket fungi and the phylum Ascomycota includes truffles, morels and other fungi with cup-shaped, club-shaped or various strangely-shaped fruiting bodies. There is great diversity in shape of these and their appearance may not be a good guide to their classification. The other main phyla are the Zygomycota or pin-moulds and the Chytridiomycota whose members are mostly aquatic, some being parasites. Modern genetic analysis is showing unexpected relationships between disparate groups and demonstrating that what had been thought to be closely related groups are actually far apart. The Fungi are now thought to be more closely related to the animal kingdom than the plant kingdom. Subcategories are organized according to the taxon tree: - Divisions -- Families --- Genera
Photographic introduction to fungi including photomicrographs of gills, pores and ascopores.
Fungi affect all aspects of life. Here are some of the things not commonly known about them.
Searchable taxonomic databases of the fungi.
Article on these fungi which which only reproduce asexually and can be found and cultured from such unexpected places as coins and bank notes.
Article by Paul F Hamlyn on identifying fungi, making spore prints and examining spores under the microscope, with photographic images.
Checklists, images, and identification guides for fungi.
Photographs and description of thousands species of macrofungi growing in Poland and Central Europe. Includes a determination key. In English and Polish.
Provides an introduction to the biology of fungi for students or anyone with an interest in this Kingdom.
Light hearted look at the many uses fungi are put to in everyday life.
An illustrated article from Wikipedia on this Kingdom which covers organisms as diverse as mushrooms, bakers yeast, wood decay fungi and penicillium.
The official site for this event with up to date information and pictures of common, edible, or interesting mushrooms of Girdwood Alaska.
Information from Wikipedia on this class of fungi in the phylum Deuteromycota that lack fruiting bodies.
Photographic article by M. Halit Umar on the theme that life is a continuous interaction between organisms.
Brief introduction to this kingdom with links to further information.
Images and keys for mushrooms and other forms found in the regions of Costa Rica that have been explored by the authors. Several images of common as well as unusual and apparently new species.
A personal account of the result of failing to properly identify a fungus before eating it.
Article by M. Halit Umar on the cooperative arrangements between various fungi and the roots of green plants, with photomicrographs showing the processes involved.
Well illustrated article by George Barron outlining his research into wood-rotting fungi which attack nematodes and other micro-organisms for food.
Information from Wikipedia on the fruiting bodies of fungi, with photographs of the basidiocarps of Amanita muscaria and an ascocarp of Sarcoscypha austriaca.
Notes from a seminar given by Stephen G. Saupe on the ability some fungi have to revive after dessication, leading to the conclusion that life is nothing more, nothing less than the arrangement of certain molecules
Introduction to the world of fungi for both amateurs and experts. Includes over 800 photographs.
A quirky view on all things mycological, including a large image collection. An excellent resource.
Beautiful, educational, and artistic photographs of mushrooms and other fungi by Taylor F. Lockwood. Includes an online game and a stock photo catalogue.
Illustrated notes explaining the difference between Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes.
Provides information on the identification of edible and poisonous wild mushrooms in the UK, where to find them and how to pick them.
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